Tracing the Traces of the Tambora Explosion, which made Napoleon lose the war


Jakarta

The historical traces of Mount Tambora are now immortalized in an epic documentary. Can be watched for free!

Mount Tambora stands proudly at the northern tip of Sumbawa Island, West Nusa Tenggara and is located in a conservation area, namely Tambora National Park and is the 51st national park in Indonesia.

Tambora Peak is a magnet for climbers not only from Indonesia but also from abroad. Currently, there are 4 hiking trails that are the entrances for climbers, namely Doroncanga, Kawinda To’i, Pancasila and Piong.

At the foot of Tambora, the expanse of savanna, hills, dry land, yellow-brown soil, shrubs will welcome adventurers. A herd of horses and buffalo grazing is a typical sight that is often encountered.

Tambora not only attracts the attention of climbers, but also volcanologists. This is due to the fact that the Tambora eruption recorded an important history in human civilization 200 years ago.

The eruption reached a scale of 7 Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) in April 1815 tore apart the heavens and the earth and left a 1,100 meter deep hole or the deepest in the world with a diameter of 7 km.

The original height was thought to be at 4,300 masl, after the explosion his body disappeared, leaving an altitude of 2,851 masl.

Harley B Sasha, mountain climber and actor in the film Majestic Tambora (doc KLHK)

Tambora’s cataclysmic eruption has engulfed three kingdoms; Concentrated, Studio and Tambora. Civilization around Tambora was destroyed. The death toll is estimated at 92,000.

This does not include the deaths that hit Europe and America, which also felt the Tambora boom. Due to volcanic ash, the two continents separated by the ocean were wracked with hunger.

About a year after the eruption, in 1816, Europe and America passed the year without a summer otherwise known as “Year without Summer.” Even the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte at the Battle of Waterloo, is believed to be an indirect result of the Tambora explosion. The trigger was a long winter and crop failures.

Archaeologist Haroldur Sidurdsson from the University of Rhode Island, United States who carried out excavations at Tambora with the Directorate of Volcanology called Tambora the “Pompeii of the East.” This designation refers to the site of the Ancient Roman city of Pompeii near Naples, Italy, which was buried by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD.

The eruption of Mount Tambora not only caused natural and humanitarian disasters during the eruption and several years after it, but also gave birth to extraordinary things in the history of knowledge, art, culture and literature.

The eruption of Mount Tambora changed the landscape by leaving the deepest caldera in the world. To commemorate the 200th anniversary of the eruption of Tambora, on 11 April 2015 an event was held with the title ‘Tambora Greets the World’ which was held in Dompu, Sumbawa.

This event was attended by around 15,000 people both from within and outside the country, including the President of the Republic of Indonesia, Joko Widodo. On that occasion, the President inaugurated Tambora National Park as the 51st national park owned by Indonesia.

Next: Traces of life in Tambora in a documentary




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